When it comes to the Maronite Patriarch, Bechara Al Raï, I feel I have to be extra careful. The line between criticizing the individual and his stances is very thin and it is one I do not want to cross because he is, first and foremost, the head of a Church I feel proud to be part of for various reasons.
The leading Maronite politicians in Lebanon have found themselves at opposite sides of the aforementioned line. Being very kind-hearted, I’ll assume the line is very blurry for proper discrimination. But don’t be fooled, there’s a very important distinction between the stances Samir Geagea took regarding the current Patriarch and those adopted by Michel Aoun towards the former one.
The year is 2005.
Michel Aoun is preparing a parliamentary bid with an almost exclusively Christian coalition of political forces. At the end of May 2005, Aoun has gotten a sizable portion of the Christian votes – 70% in some areas. The patriarch at the time, Nasrallah Sfeir, had openly endorsed Aoun for trying to bring Christians together under a political idea that was, at the time, opposite to the alliance that included Hezbollah.
The year is 2006.
Michel Aoun signed an agreement with Hezbollah as the latter slowly drifted away from the electoral alliance it had forged a few months earlier. The agreement served to create a “Christian cover” for Hezbollah’s arms. It backfired. Aoun’s popularity began to slip, whether his followers like to admit it or not. The patriarch, following the political doctrine Bkerke has always been known for, began to criticize Aoun’s drastic shift in political positions. Subsequently, Aoun began to attack the patriarch both on personal and political levels. The attacks ended in 2011 when Sfeir resigned and Bechara Al Raï took over.
The year is 2012.
Samir Geagea is being interviewed on a political talk show, Bi Mawdou3iye, on MTV. He declares that the recent pro-Syrian stances of the Maronite Patriarch do not represent the historical path Bkerke had drawn for itself. He also asserted that the position of Bkerke as a leader in Lebanese society has dramatically decreased as a result of the erroneous stances taken by the patriarch.
Moreover, commenting on recent declarations by a mufti in KSA that the Arabian peninsula should not have any church standing in the near future, he replied that the stances coming out from the Azhar are the ones to be considered as legitimate and that the xenophobic declarations of Saudi Arabia’s mufti are very similar in crude nature to what the Patriarch had said about him being afraid for the Christians of the East because of the Islamists rising around us.
The time is now.
I am faced with a torrent of people sharing certain articles about how Samir Geagea is a hypocrite in criticizing the patriarch. And it is here that I bring back the initial point I mentioned in this post: there’s a thin line between criticizing a person, which Michel Aoun flagrantly did for years, and criticizing a person’s stances, which Samir Geagea has been doing for the past year.
It is a very thin line but it exists. And you cannot compare both men with regards to how they behaved towards the Maronite Patriarch without taking that into consideration. The fact of the matter remains that when Samir Geagea’s pardon went through and he was released out of prison in July 2005, the months when Patriarch Sfeir and his party had been at odds were not marred by discordance.
The fact of the matter remains that even when Samir Geagea is in grave disagreement with the current patriarch, his critiques cannot but be considered respectful. Or need I remind people of “the patriarch must have gotten horny” comment by one of Michel Aoun’s allies, a statement which was not condemned by Aoun’s party, or when the patriarch was called senile by Michel Aoun’s close entourage, a statement that the General did not, also, condemn.
The fact of the matter remains that the patriarch, with his current stances, is not helping to elevate the position of the Church he was appointed in charge of. Many bishops have even expressed discomfort in the way he is handling things. Patriarch Raï might be taking the power his congregation vested in him for granted. You cannot simply support the regime of a man who has been killing your people for years and years and expect then not to react negatively. You cannot expect your congregation to fathom supporting one of the main reasons their role in Lebanese society has degraded this substantially and pretend as if the years of Syrian occupation had never happened.
The difference between Michel Aoun and Samir Geagea goes back to principles. One has principles, the other simply lacks them. One expected Bkerke to change the way he saw fit and was disappointed when it didn’t. The other was disappointed as Bkerke strayed from the principles it built for hundreds of years and used to cement itself as a champion for the rights of Maronites in particular and Lebanese in general.
After all, how can we forget when Aoun’s supporters stormed Bkerke in a riot years ago? And they have the audacity to criticize Geagea for speaking up.
Yet again, people tend to jump the boat of hype without looking at the underlying current. But every now and then, a slight nudge of their memories is in order.
Can we move on now?
Epic post. Thank you for speaking my mind!
Thank you for reading, Elie 🙂
I expected you to write about this. I totally agree. SG hasn’t criticized Rai as a person, he criticized his ridiculous stances regarding the Syrian regime, on the other hand I’m sure SG would be less keen to criticize Rai’s stances on Hezbollah’s weapons. So in a way the patriarch isn’t that bad. He just needs to get it together when it comes to being tough on the issues, which he is not.
Michel Aoun… Let’s not go there. Supposedly, he never insulted the patriarch. Yes, pigs, elephants, whales and every sort of animal flies. W Ana shajra kamen.
Agreed. Sfeir was criticized on all levels regarding every single thing he did. Rai is being criticized on his very cowardly stance towards Syria.
The difference is subtle but it’s there.
Thank you for reading and your comment, Joe.
You know, one wonders: What is the responsability of true Christians? What should be the stand of Christian religious leaders on politics?
It is really interesting to see what happened with the Head of the Church, Jesus Christ. He was offered to interfere in politics or give his opinion several times. One of these times is written in Injil Matta, chapter 4, verses 8 to 11. Take a look at it, because this is the example he set and left for his true followers 🙂
I saw an amazing article about this a few days ago, here’s the link if you like: http://www.sendspace.com/file/zsmwgy
I’ll read the article later. But, regarding your first question: Christians shouldn’t act like a minority by letting their religion come into the way of their ambition. You become active politically, you ask for their right and fight for them when they’re taken. You don’t cower away fearing for whatever rights you may have left.
Religious leaders have a right for a political opinion. But they should expect people to ask them on what basis their opinions have been built. When it comes to the current patriarch, his stances are at odds with the Church he’s leading. Hence, this post and my initial one about him.
Hi Elie, thanks for your answer.
Yes, I understand what you mean. Just a clarification about when I said “what is the responsability of true Christians”: I wasn’t talking about people who are Christians by name. I meant “Christians” in the sense that they follow the teachings of Christ.
These teachings include the thought that mankind will keep going from bad to worse, and that the only hope of mankind is a heavenly government, the Kingdom of God (Saint Daniel 2:44, Injil Matta 12:21).
And BTW, I’m enjoying your other posts too 🙂
I know what you meant. Ultimately, when it comes to religion, the absolute majority of people struggle with it. Whether they are Christian by name or Christian by act (or Muslim or Jewish or whatever) should not have any bearing on how politically involved they are, I believe.
Thank you for reading and commenting!